Anemia In Pregnancy
Iron deficiency anemia is a pathological condition in which hemoglobin levels fall because of iron deficiency. As the hemoglobin level decreases, so does the amount of oxygen that interferes with the proper functioning of the cells of the organs.
Almost one in three people in the world suffers from anemia, but anemia is now common in pregnant women and children.
The most common type of anemia in US and in the world is iron deficiency anemia, which is characterized by iron deficiency in the body.
On average, about 34% of anemia cases are diagnosed in pregnant women per year. This means that almost one in three expectant mothers suffers from this problem.
Almost one in three people in the world suffers from anemia, but anemia is most common in pregnant women and children.
Is the iron deficiency anemia, which is characterized by an iron deficiency in the body.
On average, about 34% of cases of anemia in pregnant women are detected per year. This means that almost one in three expectant mothers suffers from this problem.
Common Signs of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Mothers and Children
For expectant mothers, iron deficiency in the body can manifest itself as:
- fast heartbeat;
- faster breathing;
- shortness of breath;
- pallor of the skin and mucous membranes;
- desire to eat inedible substances and loss of appetite;
- brittle hair and nails;
- fainting and impaired immunity.
Children may have:
- pale mucous membranes and later skin,
- decreased appetite and taste changes with a tendency to eat inedible things such as earth and lime;
- disorders of growth and weight dynamics,
- weakness and an increased incidence of acute respiratory diseases due to reduced immunity.
Consequences of Iron Deficiency Anemia for Mothers and Children
For expectant mothers, iron deficiency anemia can cause premature birth and fetal growth retardation (low birth weight), which increases the risk of the baby developing iron deficiency anemia in the first year of life.
There is also an increased risk of the child developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease, and an increased risk of infections for the mother and child during childbirth and the postpartum period.
Iron deficiency in a child causes functional disorders of organs and systems, and, especially in young children, increases the risk of developing upper respiratory diseases.
A healthy and balanced diet for the expectant mother is one of the most important preconditions for the baby to be born healthy, so it is very important for pregnant women to absorb the necessary amount of iron in the body.
During pregnancy, an additional 20-30 mg of elemental iron should be taken per day. To cover iron deficiency with diet, at least 5 mg of iron should be taken for every 1000 kcal of diet, and in the second half of pregnancy – 7-10 mg of iron.
It is best for expectant mothers and children to absorb iron from natural sources rather than from synthetic preparations. Products containing vitamins C and B play a special role.
Expectant mothers should know there are products that promote and delay the absorption of iron. Therefore, when expecting a baby, plant products and fruits should be consumed more, as they promote the absorption of iron.
The absorption of iron is significantly delayed by products such as cocoa, coffee, tea, cola, wine, chocolate, spinach, whole grains and bran, milk and dairy products, calcium preparations.
Iron-Containing Vegetable Products:
- Potatoes, tomatoes, pumpkins and their seeds;
- Beans, peas, lentils of all kinds;
- Vegetables with dark leaves, such as beet and turnip leaves;
- Spinach, cabbage, asparagus, parsley.
Nuts, berries (strawberries, blackcurrants) and fruits (pomegranates, apricots, plums) and their juices are also rich sources of iron.
Animal Products Containing Iron:
- Lean beef, pork, lamb and veal, poultry;
- Fish and crustaceans;
- It is the iron in meat products that is best absorbed by the body, but in order to increase it, it is necessary to take in addition to the C vitamins contained in, for example, citrus fruits.
Iron From Sweets
Iron sources include everyone’s favorite hematogen (russian candy), which is a healthy sweet.
It contains natural elemental iron to prevent anemia and is an alternative way for expectant mothers and children to restore iron balance in the body.
As iron is only of organic origin in hematogen, it is easily absorbed by the body. The absorption of iron is improved by vitamins C and B in the composition.
However, it should not be forgotten that hematogens are a dietary supplement that should not be used as a food substitute.
100g of this product (~ 2 tablets) contains 10mg of iron, which for a child aged 1-10 years would be 100% of the recommended daily dose. If we give other vitamins or foods rich in iron, this should be considered.