What Hinders a Childs Health in Winter – Weak Immunity and Dry Air!

by | Oct 30, 2021 | Health


Childs Health In Winter

Along with the gray and wet weather in the autumn and winter months, viruses are also present! The most common in this season for both school and preschool children is respiratory disease.

Because of weaker immunity and non-compliance with hygiene requirements, children have an easy hug for various viruses and can get sick up to 6-8 times a year and more often.

Both strong immunity and optimal humidity play an important role in the prevention and treatment of diseases.

What we can do to make the illness less frequent at home and how to help a sick child recover faster?

The most common diseases in children are runny nose (rhinitis), inflammation of the throat (pharyngitis), inflammation of the tonsils (tonsillitis) and inflammation of the ligaments (laryngitis).

Infections of the ears, throat and nose are also common – inflammation of the sinuses (sinusitis or haemorrhoids) and inflammation of the tonsils (adenoiditis), as well as inflammation of the middle and deep airways – tracheitis, bronchitis and pneumonia.

Virtually these diseases are caused by bacteria and viruses.

Infection with upper respiratory viruses occurs as air droplets – talking, coughing and sneezing, laughing out loud, and adults kissing a child.

Viruses and bacteria also travel by touching objects contaminated with airways and saliva – this is the way viruses most commonly spread in kindergartens, where children share toys with each other.


In adults, the first signs of the disease are fatigue, headache, sore throat and airways. Children do not know how to tell their feelings so well, so parents can notice the first signs of illness from the outside:

  • The child’s behavior changes and he or she may be less active;
  • The child has a reduced appetite;
  • Changes in sleep appear – the child sleeps worse, sleep is jerky;
  • The child complains of itching in the throat, often touches the nose and mouth area, breathes shallower.



Strong immunity is the best guard against various viruses, but for a child it gradually strengthens – it reaches the level of immunity of an adult only at the age of about 10 years.

Immunity can be purposefully strengthened, but it is important to remember this throughout the year, not only in autumn and winter, when the busiest viral season begins.

A superdose of a vitamin bought at a pharmacy at the last minute will not only not help you get the protection you want, but it can do more harm than good.

The good news: although viruses hit children more often than adults, most diseases are so-called ‘three-day viruses’ that pass quickly.

In addition, each such transmission of simple viruses stimulates the child’s immunity to develop and become stronger.

However, caution should be exercised to ensure that mild symptoms do not progress to more serious illnesses, such as bronchitis, pneumonia, which may be evidenced by prolonged fever, shortness of breath and coughing.


Eat plenty of fluids

Preferably still water and herbal teas. Try not to give the juice you buy in the store or dilute it 1: 1 with water.

Juices and sweetened drinks, such as lemonade, contain a lot of sugar, which is the best soil for various bacteria.

At the beginning of the disease, drinking helps the body to function better, but later – to remove the toxins left by the virus.

Follow the color of your urine to know if you are getting enough fluids. Urine should be light, almost colorless. If it is distinctly yellow or with a powerful aroma, it is a sign that you need to drink more.

If the child does not have an appetite

Do not force to eat much in the first days of the illness, but we must take care to absorb fluids.

It is important to ensure that the child can breathe freely

Especially if the patient is tiny and it cannot snort the nose.

We should teach older children to release their nose properly by sniffing it without excessive force and releasing each nostril one by one, not both.

In young children with a runny nose, we can clear the nose with special pumps, but it is important to moisten the nasal mucosa before using it, for example, with a seawater spray.

We should perform as often such manipulation as necessary so that the child’s stuffy nose does not interfere with breathing, sleeping and eating.

Expert advice in case of runny nose for children: raise the head of the bed – it will make breathing easier.

We must take care of air quality

The amount of moisture and oxygen in the air, so the rooms often need to be ventilated.

Do not overdo the use of the medicine

A low temperature just above 37 is the body’s natural response to fight the virus. Excessive medication prevents the child’s immunity from maturing;

Choose as natural products and preparations as possible.

Antibiotics are used as infrequently as possible and only if prescribed by a doctor.

Remember that it is important to use antibiotics correctly and to follow the full course prescribed by your doctor, without stopping as soon as it stays better, so that resistance does not develop.


  • Fever and other symptoms of the disease do not decrease on the fourth day of illness and longer;
  • The child has a very high temperature, which cannot be controlled with medication (very young children are also at risk of a slightly elevated temperature);
  • There is no certainty that the fever is caused by a virus;
  • The child has reduced diuresis – he is less likely to urinate



In winter, with the onset of the heating season, the biggest respiratory health problem is becoming too dry air.

The optimal humidity in the premises is 40-60%, but during the heating season it decreases up to 20%. Air quality is very important both for maintaining health and in the process of its recovery.

  • In dry air, the mucous membranes of the human upper respiratory tract dry out, and the epithelium of the airway lashes cannot perform its function qualitatively – air purification and resistance to viruses and infections;
  • Irritating to the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, which contributes to the development of various allergic reactions;
  • Air quality affects the health of the skin – in dry air the skin also dries out, it promotes the development of various types of atopic dermatitis;
  • People with congenital and chronic diseases of the respiratory tract, digestive tract, or skin are at special risk. Dry air contributes to exacerbations of these diseases and allergic reactions.

Frequent and adequate ventilation of the premises is a great way to maintain optimal humidity, but in winter, when the outside air temperature is low, people do not always observe it.

Ventilation of rooms is also often hampered by air pollution, which is a major problem in cities: because of heavy traffic, car exhaust gases, combustion by-products and other types of pollution, room ventilation can sometimes have more disadvantages than advantages.

Humidifiers can be helpful in such situations.

Humidifiers equipped with humidity control sensors will always keep it at an optimal level for human health.


If you have small children at home, we recommend it to humidify the air with clean water adding no fragrances or oils that may irritate the sensitive airways of children and promote allergic reactions, including asthma.


  • Regularly ventilate the rooms where we stay for a long time;
  • Take long walks in the fresh air every day – you don’t have to be afraid of them even if your child already has a runny nose;
  • Eat a lot of fruits and vegetables, accustoming the child to absorb the vitamins important for immunity naturally – by chewing fresh cabbage, carrots, eating cranberries. They strengthen immunity much better than synthetic drugs sold in pharmacies;
  • Teach your child to wash their hands often, not to touch their face and nose with their hands.
  • Excessive “tunneling” of the child also does not promote immunity, but when entering from the outdoors, it is important to prevent the child from overheating.
  • Make sure your child has no problems with the intestinal tract, such as frequent diarrhea or constipation. Up to 80% of immunity depends on orderly intestinal microflora – the health of the intestinal tract promotes the development of a proper immune response. They closely linked the formation of good bacteria in the intestine to a proper and orderly diet, such as adequate consumption of vegetables. Thus, if the child is often ill, it is worth discussing the health of the intestinal tract with the doctor.
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