CONTRACEPTION AFTER CHILDBIRTH
Pregnancy and breastfeeding are wonderful times, but at the same time put a lot of strain on a woman’s body.
During pregnancy, it undergoes a good deal of different complex physiological processes in order to adapt to the delivery of new life and to promote a normal birth, postpartum and lactation period.
How fast does the body fully recover after childbirth
After the birth of a baby, a woman’s body gradually returns to the state it was in before birth.
Many of the processes stabilize within 4-6 weeks after childbirth, but studies show that a woman’s body fully recovers after childbirth and lactation in about 2-3 years.
If a new pregnancy occurs at intervals of less than 2 years, especially if the mother is still breastfeeding, there is an increased risk of developing iron deficiency anemia.
If the baby was born by caesarean section, it is recommended to observe an interval of at least 2 years so that the scars of the operation can be completely healed and the next baby can be successfully carried.
Get pregnant right after childbirth and during breastfeeding – YOU CAN!
The possibility of re-pregnancy is most directly related to ovulation and menstrual recovery.
Many women believe that during the first 6 months after giving birth, as long as the mother is breastfeeding only, ovulation does not occur, and it is not possible to become pregnant.
Resumption of sexual life after childbirth
It is important for a woman to feel loved and coveted even after the birth of a child.
The time when it is possible to resume a normal sexual life after childbirth depends on how successful the childbirth has been, whether and how well the sutures have healed (if any), as well as on the woman’s well-being.
We can resume most sex within 6-8 weeks after delivery.
However, if you want to have sex sooner, it is advisable to ask your gynecologist to make sure that it will not harm your health.
The vagina is often dry and sensitive during breastfeeding – protective gels should definitely be used. The chief thing is to listen to your body and not rush to resume sex.
Contraception in the postpartum period
If a woman does not want to get pregnant again shortly after giving birth, it is necessary to think about choosing an effective contraceptive.
All methods of contraception are suitable during breast-feeding, except for combined hormonal contraception (combined oral contraceptive pills, ring, patches, etc.).
During this time, oral contraceptive pills containing progestins (one hormone) can be used completely, as they do not affect the quantity or quality of breast milk, nor do they affect the baby’s health and development.
The progestin inhibits egg maturation and inhibits ovulation, as well as thickens the cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperm to enter the uterus. Progestin-containing tablets can be started as early as 21-28 days after delivery.
When used properly, progestin tablets are 98% effective.
You can also choose one of the barrier methods during breastfeeding:
- Intrauterine contraception or spiral;
- Spermicides (creams, suppositories, gels).
The Bottom Line
Be sure to consult your gynecologist to choose the most appropriate method of contraception for your health.