E-Cigarettes Affect Your Health
In recent years, there has been a rapid demand for alternative and ‘healthier’ nicotine-containing products that can satisfy nicotine cravings without compromising the joy of tobacco smoking.
As a result, new products are available that use different technologies (heating, pulverization) to allow the consumer to ingest nicotine without the presence of tobacco or to continue using tobacco, but without inhaling the carcinogens caused by tobacco burning.
These products are advertised as safer alternatives to tobacco products, but recent research shows that these devices are not only harmful to their users but also jeopardize the progress made decades globally in the fight against the tobacco epidemic and its spread, instead promoting new development of a nicotine-dependent generation.
The electronic composition of a cigarette or e-cigarette is based on the heating and inhalation of a synthesized nicotine-containing liquid.
Among users, e-cigarettes are called types, but smoking is called smoking. It is a terminology introduced by manufacturers to reduce the negative associations of existing and potential consumers associated with the term ‘smoking’.
E-cigarette smoking is subject to the same smoking restrictions and bans as tobacco smoking.
Although the long-term effects of e-cigarette smoking are currently unclear, there is strong evidence that:
- E-cigarette vapor can cause acute endothelial cell dysfunction, while the long-term effects of inhaling vapor are unknown;
- The vapor components of e-cigarettes can cause oxidative stress, which supports the assumption that diseases and tissue trauma will occur in the long term;
- E-cigarette use is addictive;
- Chemicals in e-cigarette vapor can cause DNA damage and mutagenesis, suggesting that long-term use of e-cigarettes could increase the risk of developing malignancies;
- The use of e-cigarettes increases the risk of tobacco use among young people and young adults;
Although e-cigarette liquids do not contain tobacco, they may contain nicotine derived from tobacco, and thus may also contain certain tobacco-specific substances, such as nitrosamines, which are highly toxic.
Given the relatively recent history of these devices, their long-term effects are currently unexplored and unknown.
The toxicity of flavorings added to e-cigarette liquid because of inhalation of these substances has recently received increased attention from researchers.
To date, studies on the toxicity of e-cigarettes have been based mainly on the evaluation of the effects of vapor emissions, which primarily contain a combination of propylene glycol, vegetable glycerol, nicotine and flavorings.
However, recent studies have shown that the cytotoxic effects of e-cigarette liquids are largely related to the inhalation of flavorings added to the liquids.
These are substances that are widely used in food production and are considered safe food additives.
Because of the limited evidence on the effects of chemicals used in food production because of inhalation, the use of the same substances in e-cigarette liquids cannot be considered safe for inhalation.
To test the hypothesis that the use of nicotine-free e-cigarettes is safer than traditional cigarette smoking, a study was conducted in which human monocyte cells were exposed to e-cigarette flavorings.
The study found that the flavoring chemicals in e-cigarette liquids increase the inflammatory response and damage to tissues caused by oxidative stress caused by steam.
In addition, the study found that many flavoring chemicals cause cell death. Cinnamon, vanilla and butter aromas were found to have the highest toxicity, with the greatest damage to blood white cells being caused by mixtures of different flavoring substances.
Smokeless cigarettes (electronic cigarettes, oikos and other devices) were created with the noble aim of helping smokers to get rid of cigarettes. But now US doctors associate the mysterious and serious lung disease outbreak with the inhalation of electronic cigarette vapors. Can smokeless cigarettes really be that dangerous?
How Do E-cigarettes / Vaping Really Work?
At first glance, electronic cigarettes, also known as vaping, seem like a elegant way to quit smoking. There are no cigarette-smelling clothes and hair, no yellowing of the teeth and fingers, few carcinogenic tobacco burning compounds.
In addition, you do not have to hide around the corner during the procession, because we believe it that non-smokers are not endangered by their smoke.
There are numerous modifications of electronic cigarettes. But, to put it simply, the battery heater heats the liquid (there are special capsules with solution mixtures) and it forms vapors which are inhaled by the smoker.
The liquids, the type of evaporator, and the design of the heater can differ significantly. Type liquid does not contain tobacco, but contains nicotine and various excipients – glycerin, propylene glycol and flavorings.
When heated, the maker inhales nicotine vapors. We use other aromatized solutions during the process, which do not contain nicotine at all, but contain something else.
Other types of tobacco heating equipment, such as IQOS, also known as Oikos, have entered the market in recent years. They are also considered electronic cigarettes, but their smoking is not accompanied by clouds of steam.
A small tobacco cigarette is inserted into the appliance, but it is used differently – not by burning, but by heating and inhaling its steam. It protects the smoker from harmful carcinogenic tobacco burning compounds.
EU Directive on E-cigarettes
- Advertising for e-cigarettes is banned in the European Union;
- It is forbidden to sell e-cigarettes to persons under 18 years of age;
- Electronic cigarettes may only be sold in tobacco or specialist shops;
- They must not contain over 20 mg / ml of nicotine and must bear indications of the dangers of smoking;
- Manufacturers and importers of e-cigarettes must provide the competent authorities with a list of all ingredients and their concentrations.
Mysterious Lung Disease
There is a cough, chest pain and general weakness. For some patients – also vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss. This is followed by shortness of breath and increasing shortness of breath.
Finally, fluid may build up in both lungs and lung edema may develop. If you try to treat the disease with antibiotics, they do not work, because the cause of the disease is not bacteria.
In search of the cause of the disease, fat molecules or lipids were found in the lungs of the patients – apparently, their accumulation caused tissue damage and inflammation.
Doctors believe that these molecules enter the lungs by inhaling vapors of the vape. However, it has not yet been possible to find out exactly which compounds they form.
There are different versions – we blame it on glycerin, flavorings and THC oil solution. Initially, the prime suspect was THC, but later it was found that not all patients had used it.
Doctors at Mayo Clinic are now talking about toxic fumes from the lungs. The situation is also complicated because during the heating process, the liquid components of e-cigarettes can decompose and then form new chemical compounds in the lungs.
In addition, vape uses both pre-prepared liquids, and users mix and invent their own cocktails – to get thicker and more impressive clouds of smoke, to experiment to try something new… Of course, e-cigarette manufacturers also excuse their patients. have smoked substances that are not officially intended for vaping.
Electronic cigarettes, or at least flavored electronic cigarettes, are now banned in some US states, but the US Congress has set up a special group to develop a comprehensive ban.
But the head of Juul has left his post (the company is one of the largest manufacturers of electronic cigarettes and part of a holding that also includes cigarette giant Philip Morris).
The scientific journal Thorax has already reported that electronic cigarette vapor causes inflammation in the lungs and inhibits alveolar macrophages, important immune cells that normally cleanse the lungs of dust particles, bacteria and allergens. Chronic smokers’ lungs are usually damaged.
So far, although researchers have expressed the view that e-cigarettes are still safer than conventional ones, they stress that they should not live under the illusion that making is completely safe.
Beware of Smuggling!
At present, smuggling is well over 50 percent, and it is very easy to receive electronic cigarettes and the liquids used in them from abroad by mail and courier items.
Benefits and Risks of Replacing a Regular Cigarette With an Electronic One
- When a regular cigarette is lit, both tobacco burning compounds and nicotine enter the body. By replacing regular cigarettes with smokeless cigarettes, the smoker does not receive the four thousand carcinogenic compounds that are produced during the burning process of tobacco;
- No cigarette smoke odor;
- On the plus side, we often emphasize it that people next to the smoker are not at risk because the e-cigarette does not pose a risk of second-hand smoke. However, doctors have already questioned it. Michael Sigels, a professor at Boston University, believes that children who are forced to inhale vapors of the same type are exposed to nicotine just as they would if they inhaled the smoke of regular cigarettes;
- It should be noted that the body receives nicotine either way;
- When a cigarette is burned, it rapidly absorbs the nicotine in the tobacco smoke through the alveoli of the lungs. In contrast, smokeless cigarettes are absorbed more rapidly through the mucous membranes;
- It is possible that smokers use an electronic cigarette even more often than regular smokers, because there are few past inconveniences. For example, in Russia, the types became very popular from 2013, when the law banned smoking in public places, stairwells, public institutions and elsewhere;
- One type of inhalation contains 35.5 nanograms of nicotine – 100 types of inhalation corresponds to smoking 10 cigarettes. Those who inhale vapors 250 or more times a day are in real danger.
The higher the concentration of flavoring substances in the liquid, the higher the vapor toxicity of e-cigarettes.
Given that the diversity of different e-cigarette flavors has exploded since the inception of e-cigarettes, inhalation of these substances may not only be harmful to e-cigarette smokers, but may also be harmful to others because of second-hand smoke.
Although the effects of second-hand smoke from e-cigarettes on environmental health have not yet been studied, it is known that e-cigarette smoking increases the concentration of nicotine and chemicals (propylene glycol, glycerin, carbonyl, some heavy metals) in the air.
In most cases, the concentration of these substances in the air is lower than the concentration showed by tobacco smoke, except for certain metals, which have been detected in higher concentrations in e-cigarette vapors.
There is no evidence to draw conclusions about the suitability of e-cigarettes for smoking cessation.
Although the risk to the individual from smoking e-cigarettes is lower than from smoking tobacco products, there is no evidence that dual smoking (e-cigarettes and tobacco cigarettes) reduces the risk of morbidity and mortality for the smoker compared to smoking tobacco.
Children May Not Smoke E-Cigarettes
Although e-cigarettes are a kind of fashion craze among children and young people, parents and teachers need to know that they are harmful to people, especially children.
The school management must ensure that children do not smoke on the territory of educational institutions.
Refill Fluids Should Be Kept Out of The Reach of Children
Another major problem with e-cigarettes is that refillable liquids are very dangerous. Smoking classic cigarettes does not immediately kill people, but can only lead to severe poisoning, whereas e-cigarette vials contain very high doses of nicotine.
One vial of liquid can poison several people.
Because these liquids often have a seductive odor, they are also dangerous for young children and adolescents.
It should be understood that electronic cigarette liquids are a poison that can cause death.