Metabolism is like a bogey in many people’s lives. This is often the reason we become round (exactly the metabolism, not burgers and cookies) or can not lose weight.
Finally, it takes on age and everything is sacrificed altogether, which is why we expect a pension with a pleasant swim around the waist. Stupid, stupid metabolism!
However, everything is neither so simple nor so dramatic. Here are 9 facts you should know and consider to listen less to bad magazine tips and understand your body more.
Metabolism Takes Place In Every Cell In The Body
Metabolism – it’s not just what happens in the stomach. Metabolic processes, including respiration (which is also a metabolic process) take place in every cell in the body.
In fact, metabolism is a series of chemical processes that convert the calories eaten or stored in the body into energy, which is spent on life processes.
There is a basal or basic metabolism – one that you spend even if you don’t get out of bed at all. We need it to maintain the organs – brain, liver, kidneys, heart and others – and makes up at least half of what you need to eat per day.
The rest goes to the muscles and, if anything is left, also to the fat coat. Cells that are unable to participate in metabolic processes die – this is how it is arranged in the human body.
Most Of The Calories Needed Per Day Go To The Basic Metabolism
Every day, the body spends calories on three things: basic body functions, digestion (yes, it also spends calories), and physical activity.
Although many people think that without physical activity there is no calorie intake, the functioning of organs, such as the brain, requires a lot of energy.
Physical activity is usually a maximum of 30%, and even if you are active. Basic metabolism accounts for 60-80% of daily energy consumption.
True, this does not mean that you can get excited about cakes even if you never exercise.
Metabolic Intensity Tends To Vary, and Scientists Still Don’t Really Understand Why
We still know relatively little about metabolism and nutrition. And it’s true that two people with the same body weight and build can have quite different metabolism.
Unfortunately, there are people who have enough to look at food to get fat (although there are fewer than they think – it is mostly the fault we eat this food in large quantities).
However, it is not clear why. The current best explanation is related to the microflora of intestinal bacteria – studies have shown that transplanting this microflora is associated with weight loss or gain.
However, the mechanism is still unclear. Genes also influence the process, muscle mass, age, gender and many other factors.
Metabolism Cannot Be “boosted” To speed up Weight Loss
Mostly, metabolism is as it is. As the Minnesota Hunger Experiment has shown, it doesn’t particularly drop with slow, steady weight loss (although calorie intake decreases – think of it as a transfer to a smaller car).
It cannot “fixed” or “accelerated” so as not to be promised by various diet gurus. True, there is one thing that helps – muscle mass.
Unlike fat, muscle tissue actively burns calories even when you are not moving. Therefore, consumption is higher and you need to eat more.
However, even when growing muscle mass, it is important not to overeat and not to gain fat mass – it will help nothing.
However, The Metabolism Of A Crazy Diet May Be Slightly Impaired
Mostly because by losing weight fast, you also lose muscle mass, not just fat. And, as we found out in the previous paragraph, muscles are extremely important for maintaining an active metabolism.
So – off with crazy low-calorie diets, it’s just a safe way to damage your stomach muscles and relationships with your fellow human beings.
Just don’t need to. Yes, and a broken metabolism mostly means that the newly gained weight will be harder to maintain, because you will eat little, but will continue to gain weight back.
It happened to many of the participants of the slimming show “The Biggest Loser”, who mostly ate back after the show’s drastic diets – but not all had returned to the world of burgers and french fries.
Doctors found that for most of them the metabolism is about 500 kcal a day lazier – and that’s quite a lot. One normal meal or a bar of chocolate.
This is probably because of an imbalance of hormones – unfortunately, they also have a major impact on metabolic processes.
We should note here that there is no unambiguous decision on metabolic adaptation in science.
The aforementioned Minnesota experiment suggests that it slows down only when a very, very low body weight is reached, and the body struggles to survive on its last.
This is a vague issue, but one thing is clear: you must be careful when slimming and do it slowly and wisely.
Some Scientists Think That Obesity Is A By-Product Of Evolution and Genes
Let’s look at the animal world – not all animals are muscular. Bears are fat, tigers are goofy.
The ability to keep a spare for a white day is very useful in the animal world, where it is never clear when the next meal will come. In the human world, this feature of evolution is completely redundant.
However, there is confusion here too. If this is once a genetic thing, then why is about 20% of the population invariant, even if it is about three (we all know such people and we are quietly angry at them).
If once humanity had to go through a lot of famine (and it really was), then the carriers of the carcinogenic genes had to die out. But here they are, between us.
Metabolism Works The Same Everywhere
There is no “one weird trick” that will help to cut the fat on your stomach and leave a gorgeous-sized bottom.
Unfortunately, or fortunately, everything superfluous will leave this area last.
However, to lose weight in a specific area of the body and only there can be a plastic surgeon’s office.
A Slower Metabolism Does Not Mean That You Will Never Lose Weight
In fact, people with poor metabolism can be hopelessly overweight if they do not make the lifestyle changes that can be sustained.
Short-term diets do not work for anyone, but do not especially work for owners of slow metabolism.
If you want to lose weight and stay in new shape, make changes for life, not for the next few months.
Dietitians recommend weighing at least once a week, exercising regularly and limiting calorie intake, and balancing portions – so we do not eat the calories all day for breakfast.
And eat what tastes good on a calorie budget. There is no point in switching to a broccoli diet if you hate broccoli – it just won’t work.
An Interesting Fact: The Fastest Metabolism In The World Of Animals Is Hummingbirds
Since they flutter their wings 60-80 times per second (you didn’t read it wrong), they need to feed on sweet nectars to have enough strength to fly.
Have you ever seen a fat hummingbird? We haven’t either.