Here You can get a diet recommendation for avoiding Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease, if You have mild complaints or You have risk factors for developing that disturbances.

We will give You an inside information into the disease, because it is very meaningful to understand everything You do with Your health and everything that happens with Your body, and be aware of risk factors and understand, when there is necessity to ask for advice to Your doctor.

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Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease

What is Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux disease?

Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease (further in text: GORD) is a condition, when an acid from stomach goes up in oesophagus.

These situations are predisposed by dysfunction of the lower oesophageal spinchter. Spinchter is located between the higher point of stomach and lower point of oesophagus – in the junction of this two organs.

By The World Gastroenterology Organisation, there is also a definition for Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

We can define it as troublesome symptoms sufficient to impair an individual’s quality of life. And injury or complications that result from the retrograde flow of gastric contents into the esophagus, oropharynx, and/or respiratory tract.

There are some medical or anatomical conditions that predispose this situation, and many risk factors depending on our habits and lifestyle.

Before we write about diet and lifestyle recommendations for avoiding GORD, you definitely need to know the symptoms and risk factors for GORD.

Furthermore, it is necessary to understand, when it is mandatory to see your doctor, because nowadays GORD is a common disease and there are conditions that need to be treated with drugs, and symptoms that need to be investigate deeper by a health professional. 

Associations or risk factors:

  • Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Enormous meals

Drugs (tricyclics, anticholinergics, nitrates)

Medical conditions such as hiatus hernia and systemic sclerosis


Heartburn (burning, retrosternal discomfort related to meals, lying down, stooping, and straining)


  • Belching


  • Acid brash (stomach acid or bile regurgitation)


  • Waterbrasy (excessive salivation)


  • Odynophagia (painful swallowing)


  • Nocturnal asthma (cough), sometimes chronic rhinitis (consult your doctor, because there are much more reasons for chronic rhinitis)

Although there is data that isolated symptoms do not require investigation, consult Your doctor, if You have lasting and disturbing complaints and any of symptoms mentioned above.

If You have not any of symptoms, but have at least one of risk factors, we advise You to consider the diet and lifestyle recommendations mentioned further in this article. 

Why? Because one of the best treating methods is prophylaxis. It means avoiding possible conditions or disturbances based on possible or existing risk factors before health problems started. 


Lifestyle recommendations:

Encourage weight loss, live as active as you can. It is okay   to do daily physical activities (read about this topic HERE) smoking cessations, raise the bed head.

Diet recommendations:

Take a small, but regular meal. Avoid hot drinks, alcohol, products including caffeine. Too spicy meals, citrus fruits, too many onions and garlic, sweets, especially chocolate. Junk food, pickles, tomatoes.

NOT Recommended in diet:

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burger 3442227 640
orange 4663073 640
cake 1971552 640
tomatoes 320860 640
chocolate 183543 640


Although there are a lot of restrictions in daily menu, there are also a lot of other delicious products you can use instead.

Of course, some chocolate pieces in a week are nothing bad, and some citrus fruits. Everything in life is in balance – so just do not cross the borders too much. Habits are easier to observe if you are doing them regularly.

And remember that in every case you have some doubts about Your health status and You need some deeper investigation and more correct recommendations, consult Your doctor!


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