Heat and Sunstroke
Heat often causes many more health problems than frost, and it also happens to those who like heat. How to survive the summer without heat stroke?
First, a brief explanation of what is heat and what – sunstroke.
In fact, it is almost the same, sometimes doctors do not even distinguish between them. In both cases, the body overheats critically.
However, heat stroke can occur without the sun – for example, if you have to stay in hot, unventilated rooms for a long time.
The specificity of sunstroke is dilated cerebral blood vessels, which are caused by direct sunlight when exposed to the sun with the head uncovered.
It is normal for the body to use metabolic processes to cool the body. Sometimes, however, it can no longer cope with the heat – either there is a lack of fluid, the ambient temperature is too hot, or it is because of a disease.
Exercising in the heat is very dangerous – it is a way to “hang the system” very quickly, simply put, because the body is already working very hard to cool everything.
Because temperatures above 40 degrees are dangerous to life processes. Alcohol consumption is just as dangerous.
Therefore, either of the two strokes is very dangerous. In the best case, learn a little with nausea and headaches, in the worst case, it can threaten even a fatal outcome – cerebral edema begins up to a hemorrhage or stroke, it damages internal organs.
Therefore, if you experience any of the symptoms of a heat/sunstroke, call the EMS service for yourself or a friend and give first aid if the victim is your companion.
Heat and sunstroke symptoms:
- Elevated body temperature;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Great thirst;
- Sudden weakness and weakness that “falls from the feet”;
- Drowsiness, confusion and a generally inadequate reaction;
- Unclear speech;
- Nervous agitation;
- Cold sweat and cold, bluish pale skin;
- Sometimes cold sweat is replaced by lack of sweating and pink, dry, hot skin;
- Dilated pupils;
- The victim is short of breath;
- Severe headache and / or dizziness;
- “Black along the eyes” or darkened vision;
- Weak and fast pulse (normal heart rate is 60-90 beats per minute);
- If very bad, the victim may develop hallucinations, seizures, loss of consciousness or even coma.
All the symptoms are especially important for babies and young children, because their thermoregulation is not yet stable and overheating can happen very quickly!
The ability of seniors to withstand high temperatures is also reduced, so please also look after your grandparents and old neighbor!
The risk group also includes:
- Very round people,
- Sleepless people (greetings to almost all readers!),
- People with high blood pressure,
- Users of anti-allergy medicines
- and those who have had heat or sunstrokes in the past. Please be careful!
But What About A Friend Who Has Obviously Been Hit By A Heat Stroke?
- Most importantly, immediately place the person in a cooler, shady place and call the EMS. While the crew is driving, turn to the other points.
- Unbutton and take off his/her clothes in the chest area – this is not the time to think politely if the victim is very ill.
- Whenever possible, place a cool, damp towel on the victim’s forehead and under the neck. If wet towels are available in large quantities, you can also place them at the base of the pulse – the base of the wrist, joints, back of the knees, groin, armpits, feet and ankles. You can also completely wrap the person in a cold, wet sheet.
- Never pour cold water on the victim – the contrast shock is very large and can only make things worse!
- Give the victim plenty of water or any non-carbonated drink available. Clean water is best, but a little sugar will also be okay, so if you only have juice on hand – it will work.
- Stay with the victim until the EMS service arrives.
Take care of yourself and others so that this hot summer is full of pleasant memories, not full of hospital scenes!