The hormonal uterine coil or intrauterine system (IUD) is a method of protection that is especially suitable for those who want long-term contraception.
How the hormonal uterine coil works
The IUD is a small T-shaped device that is inserted into the uterus by a doctor. It usually works for up to 5 years. However, if you want a baby at some point, the spiral can be removed at any time!
Unlike the classic non-hormonal coil, the hormonal coil contains the hormone progestin. It releases a small dose of hormones every day, which perform the following functions:
- Reduces the inner layer of the uterus;
- Thickens the cervical mucus;
- Makes it difficult to move sperm;
- Prevents sperm from coming into contact;
- with the egg, so there is no fertilization.
Hormonal uterine coil efficiency is 99.8%
What to consider when using a hormonal uterine coil
About 20% of women of childbearing age who have been given a coil may have a gradual decrease in menstruation, an increase in menstrual intervals or disappearage altogether – but this is by no means harmful to health!
In the postpartum period, we may administer the system when the uterus is fully contracted, but not earlier than six weeks after delivery.
When the hormonal IUD is removed, the contraceptive effect disappears, and it is possible to become pregnant again as quickly as in women who have not used contraception.
This choice should be considered more carefully for girls who are still looking for a permanent partner, as the spiral can speed up the development of inflammation if infected with sexually transmitted diseases.
For which the hormonal uterine coil is suitable
- It is suitable for a healthy woman with a permanent and reliable partner.
- Nursing mothers can use this method of contraception.
- The hormonal coil is suitable in the late period of reproductive life, when ovulation no longer occurs every month because of unbalanced hormone secretion.
In no case should a hormonal coil be used
- Pregnancy or suspected pregnancy.
- Progestogen-dependent tumors such as breast cancer.
- Inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs.
- STI-induced cervicitis.
- Lower genitourinary tract infections.
- Postpartum endometritis.
- Abortion with infection in the last 3 months. at a time.
- Increased susceptibility to infections.
- Tumors of the uterus or cervix.
- Uterine bleeding not detected.
- Congenital / acquired uterine pathology.
- Acute liver disease or liver tumor.
- Hypersensitivity to the active substance.
- Migraine, transient cerebral ischemia.
- High blood pressure.
- Stroke or myocardial infarction.
- Acute venous thromboembolism.
- Congenital heart or heart valve disease.
The Bottom Line
In order to choose the most suitable method of contraception, be sure to consult a gynecologist beforehand – only then it is possible to determine which of the wide range of protection is right for you!