Menopause and Its Symptoms – How To Improve Well-Being?

by | Sep 3, 2021 | Sexual Health | 0 comments

MENOPAUSE AND ITS SYMPTOMS

MENOPAUSE AND ITS SYMPTOMS

Menopause is an absolutely natural, but at the same time mythical, process that scares almost every woman a little.

To make this time easier and not cause unpleasant surprises, it is desirable to prepare for it by acquiring knowledge about the upcoming changes.

How to prevent menopause from reducing the quality of life and how to survive it with feminine charm and a high head?

Heat Waves

Heat waves are one of the physical manifestations that can significantly affect a woman’s well-being during menopause. The reason for these is hormonal changes that affect the thermoregulatory system, but also lifestyle and medication.

Heat waves vary in intensity and frequency, but usually cause a woman to sweat so hard that sweat drops on her forehead, and they can even affect a woman’s entire body, including the feet and hands.

The following phenomena are also common:

  • fast heart beat;
  • the blood circulates faster;
  • palpitations may be felt.

Heat waves during the day can be accompanied by heavy sweating at night, which significantly affects the rest of the night, so often a woman feels tired even during the day.

Smoking and a variety of foods and beverages exacerbate and promote heat waves, so we should avoid the following:

  • spicy dishes;
  • chocolate;
  • sugar;
  • salt;
  • coffee;
  • tea;
  • alcoholic beverages;
  • rich meals;
  • eating in the late evening.

Heat waves are also much less common for those who support an active lifestyle.

Soy products – so-called phytoestrogens – are sometimes used to reduce heat waves because they have an estrogen-like effect.

However, phytoestrogens bear little resemblance to hormones that occur naturally in the body, and their effectiveness in hot flashes and other bothersome symptoms is comparable to that of a ‘placebo effect’, but the potential harm has not yet been fully assessed.

Menopause elderly woman

Other menopausal symptoms

Manifestations of menopause can vary from woman to woman in terms of both intensity and range of complaints, which changes both physical well-being and emotional balance.

The most common physical symptoms of menopause:

  • Heat waves;
  • Sweating at night;
  • Joint pain;
  • Weakness;
  • Weight gain.

The following symptoms may also occur:

  • Mood swings;
  • Anxiety;
  • Depression;
  • Irritability;
  • Crying;
  • Lack of sexual desire;
  • Sleep and memory disorders.

As the amount of estrogen decreases, changes can also appear in the skin and mucous membranes – the skin loses elasticity, becomes thin, rough, signs of aging appear on the face and neck, the vaginal mucosa becomes drier, its wall is thinner and more vulnerable.

Inflammation of the vagina and urinary tract may occur. Sometimes women may experience signs of urinary incontinence – small amounts of urine sneezing or coughing.

Connective tissue atrophy can contribute to sagging of the vaginal wall and uterus. Feeling dry in the vagina can cause pain during intercourse.

During menopause, women often gain weight because of hormonal changes in the body, but it is a mistake to think that weight gain during menopause is inevitable.

Estrogens, the amount of which decreases during menopause, affect the distribution of body fat – that is why more fat accumulates in the abdomen during menopause.

With regular and active exercise, eating healthy and in small portions, weight gain can be reduced. If this fails, it is definitely necessary to consult a doctor.

Most menopausal disorders can be treated with hormone therapy. If the symptoms are bothersome and affect the quality of life, it is recommended that the woman go to her gynecologist and discuss ways to reduce them.

What exactly is menopausal hormone therapy (MHT)

Menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) is a replacement for the hormones estrogen and progesterone.

Progesterone in a woman’s body begins to gradually decrease around the age of 40, but it does not affect a woman’s well-being.

Estrogen levels inevitably and rapidly fall during menopause, often causing discomfort and health problems.

Restoring missing estrogen levels significantly improves well-being.

  • Heat waves are prevented and sweating is increased;
  • Insomnia, mood swings, fatigue, depression disappear;
  • Decreases in arterial blood pressure fluctuations and loss of calcium in the bones;
  • The risk of bone fractures, myocardial infarction and stroke is reduced.

We should not use menopausal hormone therapy in the following cases:

  • Breast cancer or suspected;
  • Estrogen-dependent tumors;
  • Pregnancy;
  • Slight vaginal bleeding;
  • Acute thrombophlebitis or thromboembolic disorders;
  • Hypersensitivity to any of the components of estrogen therapy.

The safest way to take in the menopausal hormone estrogen is through the skin

We can use menopausal hormone therapy both as tablets and, according to the latest research, in an even safer way – through the skin – as patches, gels or aerosols.

Doctors choose to prescribe an aerosol as the most convenient way to take the menopausal hormone estrogen.

When sprayed on the skin, the hormones do not enter the liver, but immediately into the bloodstream, so lower we need dose when using the spray to achieve the effect.

  • The spray should be sprayed in a certain place – on the inner surface of the forearm.
  • The skin must be dry, clean and healthy; if not, we can spray it on the inner surface of the thigh.
  • Allow the spray to dry for at least 2 minutes; if you plan to take a shower or bath, then wait at least one hour.
  • Usually, one spray is used per day, possibly at the same time.
  • On the advice of a doctor, the number of sprays can be increased, but not more than 3 per day.

In contrast to menopausal hormone therapy in tablets, the use of estrogen through the skin significantly reduces the risk of blood clots and does not increase the risk of breast cancer.

According to internationally accepted guidelines, we can use safely MHT for ten years from the start of treatment.

In most cases, we may gradually reduce the dose after this time until treatment is stopped and symptoms do not return.

If the complaints return after stopping MHT, decide with your gynecologist about the best feasible solution.

Menopause is a significant change in every woman’s life. This is the time to think first about yourself and your well-being.

Whatever method a woman chooses to prevent the inevitable symptoms of menopause – MHT, natural remedies, physical activity, or a combination of all methods – the key is to consult a doctor and come up with a solution that will make you feel and look great.

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