How Can Smoking Affect Health?
Smoking is the process of inhaling and exhaling fumes of burning plant based material. We associate this act with smoking tobacco as smoked in cigarette. This process is highly addictive and can have psychoactive effects.
Smoking is one of the major causes of health problems. It can cause damage to almost every single body part. As well as cause illness and disability.
- Smoking causes erectile dysfunction in males
- Increased risk for tubercolosis, eye diseases, disrupts immune system
- Causes cancer, heart problems, diabetes, stroke
- More than 16 million US citizens are living with illness caused by smoking
Smoking is highest cause of health problems that could be prevented.
Deaths are caused every year due to smoking tobacco
Americans die due to smoking tobacco every year
Cause of death by secondhand smoking
This is how many americans die every day due to smoking
- Smokers die 10 years earlier than non-smokers
- If this pattern continues US youth 5,6 million of Americans younger than 18 are expected to die prematurely by smoking related illness.
In the United States smoking costs 300 billion $ a year.
- ~170 billion $ in medical care for adults
- more than 160 billion $ lost due to lost productivity due to premature deaths to secondhand smoking
Smoking industry spends billions of $ each year on advertising and promotion.
- 9 billion $ spent on advertisment and promotion of cigarettes
- 25 million $ every day
- 1 million$ every hour
Percentage of adults that are smokers in the US
Of all adults are smokers
- About 7 of every 100 non-Hispanic Asians
- Nearly 10 of every 100 Hispanics
- Nearly 15 of every 100 non-Hispanic Whites
- About 15 of every 100 non-Hispanic Blacks
- Nearly 23 of every 100 non-Hispanic American Indians/Alaska Natives
- About 10 of every 100 people with mixed race heritage
Young People That Start Smoking Every Day
- Each day About 2000 people younger than 18 smoke their first cigarette
- Each day about 300 people younger than 18 become daily smokers
There are many adult cigarette smokers that want to quit but it is not that simple.
In 2018 more than half adult cigarette smokers made an attempt to quit. However only 7 of every 100 succeeded.
How Smoking Affects Your Body
Every single cigarette You smoke makes harm to Your body. Every 15 cigarettes smoked cause a mutation in the body. Mutations is how cancer starts. Hopefully, if You are a smoker, after seeing the damage You will quit.
Smoking prevents oxygen from entering the body. Therefore, it ages more quickly and looks pale and dry. Toxins in the cigarettes cause a cellulite.
Smoking causes your skin to prematurely age by 15-20 years. It is more likely You will get facial wrinkling if You are a smoker.
However, once you stop smoking, skin will stop from deteriorating any further. Smoking also:
- Causes bags under the eyes.
- Increased risk of Psoriasis. Psoriasis is auto immune skin related condition. However if You are a smoker then chances are much greater.
- Stains teeth.
- Premature aging and wrinkling. On average smoker looks 1,4 times older than non-smoker at same age.
- Yellow nails and fingers.
- Damages hair structure. Toxic chemmicals in cigarettes damages DNA in hair follicles. Furthermore it produces cell damaging free radicals.
- Men that smoke are twice as likely to become bald.
- Scarring. Nicotine causes narrowing of the blood vessels that can limit oxygen rich blood supply to the other body parts. Therefore causing wounds to heal more slowly.
- Dental problems such as tooth loss, oral cancer and gum disease.
- Makes skin dry and loses it’s natural glow. Smoking also depletes nutrients in the body.
- Wound’s doesn’t heal as well.
- Smoking causes increased chance of warts.
- Skin cancer.
- Causes Cataracts. Cigarette smoking causes high strain on eye lens.
Digestive System and Stomach
Smokers are prone to stomach cancer or ulcers. Smoking can cause muscle that controls lower end of Your gullet and allow acid from the stomach to travel in wrong direction back up Your gullet. This process is called reflux.
Smoking has fairly high risk of developing kidney cancer. The more You smoke the higher the risk. Smoking also has higher risk of cancers in:
More about linking smoking to cancers You can read here.
Some research has found out that smoking may increase risk of developing gallstones. However this research results are not consistent, therefore more research is necessary.
Smoking damages Your heart and circulation system. Also, it increases heart rate, tightens major arteries, causes irregular heart rhythm all of which causes a tremendous strain on the heart. It raises blood pressure, as a result it can cause various diseases.
- Heart Attack
- Peripheral Vascular Disease
- Coronary Heart Disease
- Cerebrovascular Disease (damaged arteries that supplies brain with the blood)
Chemicals in cigarettes are very harmful. Such as carbon dioxide and nicotine. Both of them put tremendous strain on Your heart by making it work faster. They also can increase probability of blood clots.
Other chemicals in cigarettes will damage the arteries. Smoking increases risk of heart attack. If You are a smoker You have twice the chances of dying from heart disease than non-smoker.
However if You stop smoking after one Year chances of developing heart disease drops in half. After 15 Years of not smoking You are in the same boat as non-smokers.
Tar in the cigarettes contains various poisons. When You smoke these poisons enter Your blood.
These poisons have different effects:
- They narrow Your arteries, reducing amount of oxygen rich blood circulating to Your inner organs
- Make Your blood thicker, making higher chances of blood cloting
- Increases heart rate and blood pressure, straining Your heart
Together these changes can cause heart attack or stroke.
Smoking can weaken Your bone structure. Females should be extra careful from developing osteoporosis (brittle bones).
Lungs can get affected by smoking a lot. It all starts with little coughs, colds and asthma. Later on it gets worse. Pneumonia, lung cancer, emphysema which are fatal. Smoking is a cause of 85% of deaths from lung cancer.
It also causes 84% of deaths from COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease). It is a progressive disease. As the name suggest it is a collection of lung diseases. Including such as chronic bronchitis.
COPD makes breathing more difficult because of narrowing of the airways and destruction of the lung tissue.
- Frequent Chest Infections
- Relentless Cough With Phlegm
Don’t take coughs of COPD lightly, contact medical professional. However, good news is that you can prevent it from developing by stopping smoking.
Throat and Mouth
Smoking causes problems such as:
- Bad breath
- Gum disease
- Stained teeth
- Loss of taste
- Oral thrush
- Risk of cancer in lips, throat, tongue, gullet and voice box.
93 % of cancer caused in throat is due to smoking. Only way to greatly reduce risk of cancer is by stopping smoking. After 20 years of not smoking risk of cancer are same as for non-smoker.
Fertility and Reproduction
Smoking has severely affects reproductive system. It:
- Causes impotence in males, by damaging blood vessels that supply blood to the penis.
- Damages and reduces sperm count
- Causes testicular cancer
- Reduce fertility for women
- Increases risk of the cervical cancer
- Harder to get rid of the infection
- Smoking while pregnant can cause miscariage, premature birth, illness and stillbirth
How To Quit Smoking
1. Get support from Your family and friends.
2. Stay Busy.
- Physical Activities
- Drink lot of water
- Chew gum
- Take long walks
- Do breathing exercises
- Watch a movie
- Spend time with family and friends
3. Avoid smoking stimulating factors
- Plan Your routine so it wouldn’t include smoking
- Avoid coffee and green tea, they contain caffeine
- Go to smoke-free restaurant
- Spend time with non-smoking friends
- Eat healthy
4. Keep thinking about positive things.